Consumption of water, maintaining a balanced diet and high level of cleanliness are important to managing sickle cell, says Clement Wilson, a medical expert.
Wilson told NAN in Abuja that a balanced diet and intake of dietary supplement could help strengthen the body’s immune system.
Sickle cell is a disorder of the blood caused by an inherited abnormal haemoglobin (the abnormal haemoglobin cause distorted red blood cell).
Wilson said getting the right nutrition on a daily basis will help children with sickle cell disease reach their full growth potential.
“It is important for them to stay healthy as possible, eating diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes helps to boost their immune system,” he said.
He said people with sickle cell anaemia do not have normal red blood cells which could lead to frequent fatigue.
“Though people with Sickle cell diseases can play and exercise, but should avoid getting too tired, too hot or too cold, avoid being dehydrated,” Clement Wilson said.
“There is need to get plenty sleep, drink plenty of water and other fluids, especially during, before and after any form of exertion.”
He advised patients to dress in thick clothing to avoid sudden temperature change while avoiding extreme temperatures such as cold, heat and rain.
Wilson also urged patients to avoid cigarette smoke, saying smoking and second-hand smoke could reduce the amount of oxygen in the bloodstream.
He further advised patients to acquire knowledge in managing the condition at home thereby recognising serious symptoms and when to seek medical care for severe pain.