A popular traditional food in Nigeria is Swallow. It is so described because rather than chewing it, you have to swallow. So, Swallow is a Nigerian food eaten with different kinds of soup. To truly enjoy swallow, you should use your hands to eat it. Swallow in Nigeria is a term used to describe starchy foods that are made into a paste and swallowed along with Nigerian soups.
Swallows are usually made from grains, cereals, starchy roots and vegetables. They are mainly in the form of pastes or dumplings and are gotten from staples such as yam, plantain, cocoyam, millet, sorghum cassava and maize. It us called swallow because of the way it is eaten.
Some swallows are eaten in some particular parts of the country while some are generally eaten by every tribe. Like Starch, is eaten by people from Edo and Delta regions of the country. It is made from cassava and the orange colour is derived from the palm oil used to tint the puree while stirring it on heat. It is popularly eaten with the native Banga soup.
Garri which is used to make Eba is made from grated cassava. Eba is rich in carbohydrates and it comes in two colours-yellow and white.
While the yellow one is popular among the Igbos, the white one is eaten by everyone even though it is indigenous to the Yorubas. It can be eaten with any soup of your choice.
Àmàlà is a made out of yam or cassava flour. Yams are peeled, sliced, cleaned, dried and then blended into a flour, also called elubo.
This elubo is used to make Amala. It healthy because it contains fewer carbohydrates and more proteins.
Pounded yam also know as Iyan is made by boiling several yams and pounding it. This has discouraged many Nigerians from preparing the cuisine.
Luckily, there is now a machine for pounding yam.
Fufu is very rich in carbohydrate. It has very low cholesterol content and it is made from cassava.
Another common swallow in northern Nigeria is tuwo shinkafa. Whenever you hear tuwo shinkafa, you should expect to also hear miyan kuka too, they go very well together.
It mostly eaten in Northern Nigeria and made from rice flour and usually served with Miyan Kuka soup.
As the name implies, Wheat is made from whole grain wheat.
It is proteinous and rich in fibres.
If you do not want to prepare Eba, then the best alternative is Semolina.
Semolina is produced by milling semolina grains into powder and this powder or flour is used to prepare the Semolina fufu which is eaten with the various Nigerian soup recipes.
Semovita is a very easy Nigerian swallow to prepare, thus it is a good substitute for pounded yam and amala, which are more difficult to cook.
Its particles are coarse, making it a more textured swallow similar to Eba, but without the slight vinegar/sour taste. Because of its high energy content, it is beneficial to individuals trying to gain weight.
Starch, is eaten by people from Edo and Delta regions of the country. It is made from cassava and the orange colour is derived from the palm oil used to tint the puree while stirring it on heat.
It is popularly eaten with the native Banga soup.
Plantain is one of the good carbs you can eat and get away with. Not only is it a good source of energy and starch, it also aids bowel movement. It has lots of minerals and it is a good source of vitamins.
They are digested in the large intestine and like fibre help feed the friendly bacteria.